Congress and Sports Agents

2010, Hein's Sports Law Legislative History Series, Legislative History, Sports Law admin

A Legislative History of the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (SPARTA)
Edited by: Edmund P. Edmonds, William H. Manz & Thomas Kettleson

There is a common perception of sports agents as unscrupulous, unethical, self-interested and dishonest, doing anything and everything to sign the next star athlete. Money, cars, jewelry, loans, parties, and much more is offered by some sports agents to the student athlete or in order to entice a prospect to sign with that particular agent. These types of activities can have dire consequences for athletes who might lose their college eligibility, scholarships, money and credibility. In recent years, Congress has grown concerned over the deceptive and unethical treatment of amateur athletes by sports agents.

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Congress and Boxing

2010, Hein's Sports Law Legislative History Series, Legislative History, Sports Law admin

A Legislative History, 1960-2003
Edited by: William H. Manz & Edmund P. Edmonds

Boxing has been a topic of serious congressional interest for 50 years, dating back to the 1960 Kefauver hearings on the influence of organized crime over the sport. While three additional hearings followed and numerous bills were introduced to provide for boxing’s regulation and reform, none were enacted and the sport continued to escape congressional regulation for decades. Finally, in 1996, Congress passed the Professional Boxing Safety Act to protect the general welfare of professional boxers, expand the system of safety precautions, assist state boxing commissions, and properly oversee the professional boxing industry in the United States.

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Baseball and Antitrust

2010, Business/Economics, Hein's Sports Law Legislative History Series, Legislative History, Sports Law admin

The Legislative History of the Curt Flood Act of 1998
Public Law No. 105-297, 112 Stat. 2824
Edited by: William H. Manz & Edmund P. Edmonds

In the years since the Supreme Court made its decision in 1972 regarding Curtis Charles Flood’s case against Major League Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn, free agency has become commonplace in baseball and most other major sports, leading to severe escalation in player salaries and the frequent movement of athletes from one team to another. In 1998, the 105th Congress passed legislation to address Major League Baseball’s exemption from U.S. antitrust laws (which it had enjoyed since 1922), allowing players the same rights as other professional athletes to use the laws as leverage against owners in the collective bargaining process.

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