On this day in 2003, the United States, along with coalition forces primarily from the United Kingdom, initiated war on Iraq. President Bush addressed the American people from the Oval Office at 10:10 PM.
“At this hour, American and coalition forces are in the early stages of military operations to disarm Iraq, to free its people and to defend the world from grave danger.
On my orders, coalition forces have begun striking selected targets of military importance to undermine Saddam Hussein’s ability to wage war. These are opening stages of what will be a broad and concerted campaign. More than 35 countries are giving crucial support — from the use of naval and air bases, to help with intelligence and logistics, to the deployment of combat units. Every nation in this coalition has chosen to bear the duty and share the honor of serving in our common defense.”
Since it began in 2003, Operation Iraqi Freedom and the War on Terror have gained international attention, harsh criticism, and support. While the war may have officially ended, violence has endured in the Middle East, and many question if there was legal justification for the United States and its Allies to go to war at all.
Research this topic in HeinOnline
HeinOnline’s Law Journal Library offers insight on how this controversial event has influenced by international law. Take a look at the articles below:
Habeas Corpus Jurisdiction, Substantive Rights, and the War on Terror [article]
Harvard Law Review, Vol. 120, Issue 8 (June 2007), pp. 2029-2112
Fallon, Richard H. Jr. (Cited 4298 times); Meltzer, Daniel J. (Cited 1368 times)
120 Harv. L. Rev. 2029 (2006-2007)
Cited by 103 Articles | Cited by 5 Cases | Accessed 32 Times
International Law and the War in Iraq [article]
American Journal of International Law, Vol. 97, Issue 3 (July 2003), pp. 563-575
Yoo, John (Cited 893 times)
97 Am. J. Int’l L. 563 (July 2003)
Cited by 67 Articles | Accessed 113 Times
Extraordinary Rendition, Torture, and Other Nightmares from the War on Terror [article]
George Washington Law Review, Vol. 75, Issues 5/6 (August 2007), pp. 1200-1248
Sadat, Leila Nadya (Cited 369 times)
75 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 1200 (2006-2007)
Cited by 46 Articles | Accessed 68 Times
Occupation of Iraq, The [article]
Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 36, Issue 2 (2005), pp. 195-298
Fox, Gregory H. (Cited 243 times)
36 Geo. J. Int’l L. 195 (2004-2005)
Cited by 36 Articles | Accessed 57 Times
Enforcement of the Collective Will after Iraq [article]
American Journal of International Law, Vol. 97, Issue 4 (October 2003), pp. 804-822
Stahn, Carsten (Cited 209 times)
97 Am. J. Int’l L. 804 (October 2003)
Cited by 20 Articles | Accessed 34 Times
More from Hein
IRAQ WAR (2003): A DOCUMENTARY LEGAL HISTORY
by Dr. Christopher T. Anglim
The Iraq War (2003) is the most complete source for legal documents relating to one of the most controversial military operations in recent history.
Dr. Christopher T. Anglim’s The Iraq War (2003) examines this crucial question and other important issues relating to this controversy, bringing together 464 legal documents which show the development and the differing interpretations of law as applied to the facts of the war.
Published: Buffalo; William S. Hein & Co., Inc.; 2004.Learn More | Order Now
IRAQ WAR (2003): A DOCUMENTARY LEGAL HISTORY SUPPLEMENTARY SET 2004-2009
by Dr. Christopher T. Anglim
The Iraq War Supplementary set provides an overview of the justifications the American use of military force, how the use of force was authorized, and how Congress and the President dealt with the many issues that arose in the context of the war. This supplement is a comprehensive compilation of material on American public law and policy and its evolution from 2004 to 2009, documenting congressional debate and action regarding the Authorization to Use Military Force act, funding for the war, benchmarks for progress by the Iraqi government, and setting timetables.